Cycling infrastructure is not the main topic of this book. There are many technical handbooks and guidelines for the implementation of cycling routes. However it is important to mention that attractive cycling routes are the keys to encourage people to cycle.

A cycling route does not automatically mean a cycling path. There are basically two principles to develop a cycling infrastructure: separation and integration. In between there are many kinds of combination The utilization depends on conditions of traffic, spatial and cultural framework. Separation is a possible solution when it comes to bicycles and cars. Due to rising car traffic and speed, cyclists begin to feel insecure on the roads. Separate cycling paths can be built or combined with the existing side walk pavement. People usually feel safe on separate bicycle paths as they can stop at any time and cars cannot press them. Totally separated routes are very attractive as they are both calm and fast for cyclists. The problems of separation are the crossings. Wherever a separated cycle path crosses a street on the same level, the risk of collision is present. As a feeling of safety and low visibility do not enhance awareness on the part of the cyclist or the motorist, danger grows with separation. Extensive separation also raises questions of accessibility, social control, land consumption and costs.

Integration means sharing the space among all means of transport, including pedestrians. It requires an regulation of speed. Cycling in quiet streets is also very attractive. Traffic restriction in residential areas is cheap and is easily accepted. The concept of “Shared Space” also works with integration in busy streets and crossings. Deregulation and a simple but sophisticated street design create an atmosphere of consideration. It enhances the attractiveness of streets especially for pedestrians. Even the car traffic has a higher cruising speed in spite of a lower top speed.